WHAT IS ADHD?
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), formerly referred to as attention deficit disorder(ADD). It is a neurodevelopmental disorder associated with challenges with focus, attention, impulsivity, and/or hyperactivity.
ADHD is generally organized into three types in order to make diagnoses more consistent:
- Predominantly inattentive ADHD tends to feature symptoms such as difficulty focusing, following instructions, or finishing tasks.
- Predominantly hyperactive-impulsive ADHD features impulsive and hyperactive behaviors, such as fidgeting or interrupting others.
- Combined hyperactive-impulsive and inattentive ADHD is the most common type of ADHD and is a blend of both hyperactive and inattentive symptoms.
The specific type of ADHD affects optimal approaches for treatment, and the type can also shift over time.
For some time, it was thought that children with ADHD would “grow out” of their symptoms. However, the American Psychiatric Association (APA) now recognizes both childhood and adult ADHD. In fact, more than 60% of children with ADHD continue to experience symptoms as adults. This means that, even if you were not diagnosed with ADHD as a child, a doctor could still diagnose you with adult ADHD.
COMMON SYMPTOMS OF ADHD
ADHD symptoms can vary considerably, especially depending upon the type of ADHD. However, common signs of ADHD may include:
- Difficulty paying attention
- Making careless mistakes or missing details
- Challenges sustaining long conversations or tasks
- Inability to follow through on instructions or tasks
- Easily sidetracked
- Problems with organizing tasks or activities, including managing time or meeting deadlines
- Difficulty keeping belongings in order
- Frequently losing items
- Forgetfulness in daily tasks
- Constantly being in motion
- Fast, non stop talking
- Frequently interrupting others during conversations or activities
One of the uniquely challenging aspects of ADHD symptoms is that they can often be caused by other conditions, such as anxiety, depression, or learning disabilities. Furthermore, ADHD may occur alongside anxiety and depression due to the struggle of dealing with symptoms.
DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT OF ADHD
If you are experiencing ADHD symptoms or believe your child may be struggling with ADHD, Elevate Psychiatry can help. We work with both children and adults with ADHD, providing diagnosis, treatment, and ongoing support.
While there is no cure for ADHD, many treatments can significantly reduce symptoms for children and adults alike. If you are diagnosed, treatment may include:
Education, training, and skill-building